"Outlaw Gangs of the Middle Border: American Social Bandits,", This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 22:28. Emma was born on September 25 1867, in Texas. Later in 1876, Jesse and Frank James surfaced in the Nashville, Tennessee, area, where they went by the names of Thomas Howard and B. J. Woodson, respectively. Robert Ford wired the governor to claim his reward. James's two previous bullet wounds and partially missing middle finger served to positively identify the body. Jesse James did not become well known until December 7, 1869, when he and (most likely) Frank robbed the Daviess County Savings Association in Gallatin, Missouri. His father, Robert S. James, farmed commercial hemp in Kentucky and was a Baptist minister before coming to Missouri. Inside, the outlaws turned to flee. [73] Some historians credit James' myth as contributing to the rise of former Confederates to dominance in Missouri politics. On February 6, 1878, Frank and Annie James give birth to Robert James and on June 17, 1879, Jesse and Zee gave birth to a daughter they named Mary Susan who was born in Nashville, Tennessee where Jesse and Zee stayed with Frank and Annie for a time. The Missouri state legislature narrowly defeated a bill that praised the James and Younger brothers and offered them amnesty. [73] During the Populist and Progressive eras, James became an icon as America's Robin Hood, standing up against corporations in defense of the small farmer, robbing from the rich and giving to the poor. Jessie is married to NFL player Eric Decker and the two have three beautiful children: 6-year-old Viviana, 5-year-old Eric Thomas II and 3-year-old Forrest Bradley. His sister Mary James Barr, born Mary Jane Susan James (June 17, 1879 - October 11, 1935) appeared in the movie Jesse James Under the Black Flag. They continued in crime for several years afterward, recruiting new members, but came under increasing pressure from law enforcement seeking to bring them to justice. That image, in turn, reflects a mere fraction of the man that is West Coast Choppers. The guerrillas also ambushed and defeated a pursuing regiment of Major A.V.E. After they arrived in Clay County, 16-year-old Jesse James joined his brother in Taylor's group. No evidence has been found that connects either brother to the crime, nor conclusively rules them out. It was the first time he was publicly labeled an "outlaw"; Missouri Governor Thomas T. Crittenden set a reward for his capture. [60][61][62], After receiving a small portion of the reward, the Fords fled Missouri. Wasn't an outlaw - became very successful. With exciting text, vivid photos, and historical relics, Jesse James, part of the Wild West for Kids series, teaches kids why this one outlaw still fascinates people more than a century later! After his father's death, James and his family lived in Kansas City and were taken under the wing of Thomas T. Crittenden Jr., the son of Governor Thomas Theodore Crittenden, who had signed what would become the death warrant of the outlaw Jesse James. He was a well known heroin addict in mob circles and had been arrested several times for possession of the drug. Dyer, Robert. Jesse Edwards James Jr., son of Jesse Woodson James, Norwalk State Hospital, 1949. The couple has two children, Chandler and Jesse Jr. but the couple couldn't handle their relationship and had divorced in 2002.The same year of 2002, James married for the second time with Janine Lindemulder, a stripper, and an adult actress. The robbery netted little money. The only known civil case involving Frank and Jesse James was filed in the Common Pleas Court of Daviess County in 1870. Over time, the letters gradually became more political in tone, as James denounced the Republicans and expressed his pride in his Confederate loyalties. After his father's death, James and his family lived in Kansas City and were taken under the wing of Thomas T. Crittenden Jr., the son of Governor Thomas Theodore Crittenden, who had signed what would become the death warrant of the outlaw Jesse James. "Jesse James and the Civil War in Missouri,", White, Richard. The Jesse James Tavern is located in Asdee. The Republican-dominated Reconstruction legislature passed a new state constitution that freed Missouri's slaves. James's mother Zerelda Samuel wrote the following epitaph for him: "In Loving Memory of my Beloved Son, Murdered by a Traitor and Coward Whose Name is not Worthy to Appear Here. The 1869 robbery marked the emergence of Jesse James as the most famous survivor of the former Confederate bushwhackers. [1] Scholars and historians have characterized James as one of many criminals inspired by the regional insurgencies of ex-Confederates following the Civil War, rather than as a manifestation of alleged economic justice or of frontier lawlessness. [citation needed] In the 1880s, both U.S. Here Thomson plays Jesse James in a lighthearted way which many old timers who remembered Jesse James's murdering and robbing found inaccurate. [11], These men were the likely culprits in the first daylight armed bank robbery in the United States during peacetime,[20] the robbery of the Clay County Savings Association in the town of Liberty, Missouri, on February 13, 1866. They robbed banks, stagecoaches and a fair in Kansas City, often carrying out their crimes in fr… In the course of a single day, the Ford brothers were indicted, pleaded guilty, were sentenced to death by hanging, and were granted a full pardon by Governor Crittenden. For protection, James asked the Ford brothers to move in with him and his family. The robbery was the first in a spree of crimes, including the hold-up of the federal paymaster of a canal project in Killen, Alabama, and two more train robberies. Local violence continued to increase in the state; Governor Thomas Clement Fletcher had recently ordered a company of militia into Johnson County to suppress guerrilla activity. The 32-year-old star recently opened up about her body insecurities , especially after having three children in just four years. The report, prepared by Anne C. Stone, Ph.D., James E. Starrs, L.L.M., and Mark Stoneking, Ph.D., stated the mtDNA recovered from the remains was consistent with the mtDNA of one of James's relatives in the female line. To carry out the robbery, the gang divided into two groups. "[27] In 1868, Frank and Jesse James allegedly joined Cole Younger in robbing a bank in Russellville, Kentucky. Jesse married Emma James (Outlaw, Bank Robber, Murderer (born Anders). Robert Sallee James, Jesse James Meets Frankenstein's Daughter, The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford, I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jesse_E._James&oldid=991009974, Find a Grave template with ID not in Wikidata, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from January 2010, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lucille Martha James (born December 21, 1900 – June 11, 1988), Josephine Frances James (born April 20, 1902 – March 31, 1964), Jessie Estell James (born August 27, 1906 – February 2, 1987), Ethell Rose James (born July 10, 1908 – December 21, 1991), This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 19:59. The James brothers then joined the bushwhacker group led by William "Bloody Bill" Anderson. He served as technical adviser on Paramount's 1927 biopic of his father titled Jesse James. She died in 1889. "[74] While his "heroic outlaw" image is commonly portrayed in films, as well as in songs and folklore, since the late 20th century, historians such as Stiles have classified him as a self-aware vigilante and terrorist who used local tensions to create his own myth among the widespread insurgent guerrillas and vigilantes following the American Civil War.[2]. Jesse's mother and Samuel had four children together: Sarah Louisa, John Thomas, Fannie Quantrell, and Archie Peyton Samuel. [14] Jesse and his cousin began a nine-year courtship that culminated in their marriage. The implication that the chief executive of Missouri conspired to kill a private citizen startled the public and added to James's notoriety. [36] Twins Gould and Montgomery James (b. Despite him now having a home-life, the Pinkerton agency was on outlaw Jesse James's case. 1878) died in infancy. The gang absconded with $2,000 cash in the second robbery and took shelter in abandoned cabins on the Kemp Plantation south of St. Joseph, Louisiana. He was tended to by his first cousin, Zerelda "Zee" Mimms, named after Jesse's mother. https://www.grunge.com/177975/the-life-and-tragic-death-of-jesse-james As Frank and Jesse failed to appear in court, Smoote won his case against them. [2] He held six enslaved people and more than 100 acres (0.40 km2) of farmland. The Fords made no attempt to hide their role. It remains unclear whether Jesse and Frank took part in the Clay County robbery. Except for Frank and Jesse James, the James–Younger Gang was destroyed.[47][48]. Festivities include telling Jesse James' history in stories and by reenactments of stagecoach holdups. 1875) and Mary Susan James (later Barr, b. A bitter conflict ensued, resulting in an escalating cycle of atrocities committed by both sides. According to the National Park Service, Jesse James has a historical connection to Mammoth Cave National Park, having reportedly occupied some of the cave's inner areas during his escapes from the law, and having committed a stage coach robbery between Cave City and Mammoth Cave. After 1873 he was covered by the national media as part of social banditry. [5] After Robert's death, his widow Zerelda remarried twice, first to Benjamin Simms in 1852 and then in 1855 to Dr. Reuben Samuel, who moved into the James family home. Bob Ford operated a tent saloon in Creede, Colorado. In May of that year, a Union militia company raided the James–Samuel farm looking for Frank's group. His mother was Zerelda, Jesse James' wife and first cousin. Sources for Robert Sallee James. Their children were: Alexander Franklin James (Frank) - born Jan. 10, 1844 Robert James - born July 19, 1845 - he died in infancy Jesse Woodson James - born Sept. 5, 1847 - died April 3, 1882 Susan L. James - born Nov. 25, 1849. [14] At the age of 17, Jesse suffered the second of two life-threatening chest wounds when he was shot while trying to surrender after they ran into a Union cavalry patrol near Lexington, Missouri.[16][17]. Children: Jesse Woodson James (Ahnentafel No:1 ) Alexander Franklin "Frank" James. [14], The death of Jesse James became a national sensation. [8] Aside from slavery, the culture of Little Dixie was Southern in other ways as well. The rest of his life reflects his passion as an artist, his love for his children, and the success that naturally flows from a love of custom motorcycles, hard work and a job done well. [53] Crittenden had made capture of the James brothers his top priority; in his inaugural address he declared that no political motives could be allowed to keep them from justice. [25] On May 23, 1867, for example, they robbed a bank in Richmond, Missouri, in which they killed the mayor and two others. James's original grave was on his family property, but he was later moved to a cemetery in Kearney. The gang attempted to rob the bank in Northfield at about 2 pm. Former rebels attacked the railroads as symbols of threatening centralization. Father of four daughters: Lucielle Martha James (born 21 December 1900); Josephine Frances James (born 20 April 1902); Jessie Estell James (born 27 August 1906) and Ethell Rose James (born 10 July 1908). Confederate guerrillas murdered civilian Unionists, executed prisoners, and scalped the dead. October 30, 2018 Eric F. James. Jessie James Decker's secrets for raising happy children, keeping the kids 'sane' on flights. They shot two bandits dead and wounded the rest in the barrage. The high tensions in politics accompanied his outlaw career and enhanced his notoriety.[30][33]. [11] These tales have received little credence, then or since. But the new gang was not made up of battle-hardened guerrillas; they soon turned against each other or were captured. The brothers denied the charges, saying they were not in Daviess County on December 7, the day the robbery occurred. [54], On April 3, 1882, after eating breakfast, the Fords and Jameses went into the living room before traveling to Platte City for a robbery. Scroll down to see sources. Raised in the "Little Dixie" area of western Missouri, James and his family maintained strong Southern sympathies. The governor had offered rewards higher than the new limit only on Frank and Jesse James. [72] During his lifetime, James was celebrated chiefly by former Confederates, to whom he appealed directly in his letters to the press. Frank later identified Jesse as a member of the band who had fatally shot Major Johnson. Twins Gould and Montgomery James (b. The robbers inside the bank were thwarted when acting cashier Joseph Lee Heywood refused to open the safe, falsely claiming that it was secured by a time lock even as they held a Bowie knife to his throat and cracked his skull with a pistol butt. https://famouskin.com/family-tree.php?name=15203+jesse+james The conflict split the population into three bitterly opposed factions: anti-slavery Unionists, identified with the Republican Party; segregationist conservative Unionists, identified with the Democratic Party; and pro-slavery, ex-Confederate secessionists, many of whom were also allied with the Democrats, especially in the southern part of the state. Edwards, a former Confederate cavalryman, was campaigning to return former secessionists to power in Missouri. [10], The James–Samuel family sided with the Confederates at the outbreak of war. On June 8, 1892, Edward O'Kelley went to Creede, loaded a double-barrel shotgun, entered Ford's saloon and said "Hello, Bob," before shooting Ford in the throat, killing him instantly. On the night of January 25, 1875, he staged a raid on the homestead. When Sandra Bullock decided to adopt a child in 2009, she was married to Jesse James. Despite popular portrayals of James as an embodiment of Robin Hood, robbing from the rich and giving to the poor, there is no evidence that he and his gang shared any loot from their robberies with anyone outside their close kinship network. Already a celebrity when he was alive, Jesse James became a legend after his unforeseen death. [1] He was born in Nashville, Tennessee during the height of Jesse James' career as an outlaw. Frank Triplett wrote about James as a "progressive neo-aristocrat" with "purity of race". 1875) and Mary Susan James (b. The next year, Zee had a daughter that the couple named Mary Susan James on June 17, 1879. The robbery quickly went wrong, however, and after the robbery, only Frank and Jesse James remained alive and free. John Newman Edwards made sure to highlight such techniques when creating an image of James as a kind of Robin Hood. Meanwhile, the James brothers joined with Cole Younger and his brothers John, Jim, and Bob, as well as Clell Miller and other former Confederates, to form what came to be known as the James–Younger Gang. Jesse suffered a serious wound to the chest that summer. [1], In the 1950s, James was pictured as a psychologically troubled individual rather than a social rebel. James had often stayed with their sister Martha Bolton and, according to rumor, he was "smitten" with her. He is known to have returned to Missouri in the spring. For this, they wore Ku Klux Klan masks. [2] James continues to be one of the most iconic figures from the era, and his life has been dramatized and memorialized numerous times. James wrote about this death with bitterness a decade later.[21][22]. Mrs. Owens--who worked for the Federal Reserve Bank--was the youngest of four daughters born to Jesse James Jr. and his wife, Stella. It is thought that he took part in the notorious massacre of some two hundred men and boys in Lawrence, Kansas, a center of abolitionists. He recruited a new gang in 1879 and returned to crime, holding up a train at Glendale, Missouri (now part of Independence),[49] on October 8, 1879. [51][52], With his gang nearly annihilated, James trusted only the Ford brothers, Charley and Robert. Meanwhile, the citizens of Northfield grew suspicious of the men guarding the door and raised the alarm. While they later tried to justify robbing the banks, most of their targets were small, local banks based on local capital, and the robberies only penalized the locals they claimed to support. The James gang had been reduced to the two of them. The county counted more slaveholders and more enslaved than most other regions of the state; in Missouri as a whole, enslaved people accounted for only 10 percent of the population, but in Clay County they constituted 25 percent. She and Jesse James married on April 24, 1874, while the James-Younger Gang was still in full force. Already a celebrity in life, James became a legendary figure of the Wild West after his death. Six months after the Gallatin robbery, Edwards published the first of many letters from Jesse James to the public, asserting his innocence. In the case, Daniel Smoote asked for $223.50 from Frank and Jesse James to replace a horse, saddle, and bridle stolen as they fled the robbery of the Daviess County Savings Bank. Jesse Woodson James was born on September 5, 1847, in Clay County, Missouri, near the site of present-day Kearney. James was named after his father, American outlaw Jesse James. They killed Heywood and Nicholas Gustafson, a Swedish immigrant from the Millersburg community west of Northfield. [33], Jesse and his cousin Zee married on April 24, 1874. In a gunfight, Pitts died and the Youngers were taken prisoner. The approach of the American Civil War loomed large in the James–Samuel household. A law enforcement posse attacked and killed two of the outlaws but failed to capture the entire gang. Before he died, Lull fatally shot John Younger. Though ordered to move South beyond Union lines, they moved north across the nearby state border into Nebraska Territory. He was killed by Bob Ford, a member of the James gang, to collect a $10,000 reward offered by Governor Tom Crittenden. The Union presence enforced martial law with raids on homes, arrests of civilians, summary executions, and banishment of Confederate sympathizers from the state. He turned around and noticed a dusty picture above the mantle, and stood on a chair to clean it. [34] They robbed banks, stagecoaches and a fair in Kansas City, often carrying out their crimes in front of crowds, and even hamming it up for the bystanders. [11] Frank James joined a local company recruited for the secessionist Drew Lobbs Army, and fought at the Battle of Wilson's Creek in August 1861. [32] It is unlikely that he ever collected the money due. In 1879, the James gang robbed two stores in far western Mississippi, at Washington in Adams County and Fayette in Jefferson County. With Jesse James as the most public face of the gang (though with operational leadership likely shared among the group), the gang carried out a string of robberies from Iowa to Texas, and from Kansas to West Virginia. He spent time at Robert's Lounge and The Linen Suite Lounge, which was a hangout for hijackers, burglars, thieves and scam artists. Biography of Jesse James by his son, Jesse Jr. Official website for the Family of Jesse James, Some Descendants of Rev. One of his father's proteges, Tommy DeSimone, took Frank out on hi… Jesse, Jr. became a lawyer and made a career as a respected member of the bar in Kansas City, Missouri. None of James's biographers accepted them as plausible. Jesse Edward James grew up to become a lawyer and practiced in Missouri and California. [14] Others have argued that Jesse was at the time still bedridden with his wound, and therefore could not have participated. Jesse Edward James, 1st Child of Zee & Jesse. [4] Clay County in particular was strongly influenced by the Southern culture of its rural pioneer families. Three men entered the bank, two guarded the door outside, and three remained near a bridge across an adjacent square. Some filmmakers portrayed the former outlaw as a revenger, replacing "social with exclusively personal motives. On July 21, 1873, they turned to train robbery, derailing a Rock Island Line train west of Adair, Iowa and stealing approximately $3,000 (equivalent to $64,000 in 2019). The photo was taken in 1949 during Jesse Jr.’s confinement in the Norwalk State … [89], Jesse James' boyhood home in Kearney, Missouri, is operated as a museum dedicated to the town's most famous resident. Instead of confronting them, James walked across the living room and laid his revolvers on a sofa. A teenager when he rode off to join Confederate guerrillas in 1864, Jesse James never really stopped fighting the Civil War. [4], Frank James eluded capture and was believed to have joined the guerrilla organization led by William C. Quantrill known as Quantrill's Raiders. Ames was a stockholder in the bank, but Butler had no direct connection to it.[45]. They came to California from Missouri in 1926. James had two full siblings: his elder brother, Alexander Franklin "Frank" James, and a younger sister, Susan Lavenia James. 1878) died in infancy. [citation needed] He began to work with former Unionists who lived near the James family farm. 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